A Litany of Firsts
Every journey has to start somewhere and Thailand, formerly known as Siam, embarked on its journey to the modern world in the 19th Century. We offer an overview of the giant leaps the country has made in the past 150 years by exploring its “firsts”.
The Bangkok Recorder was the first Thai newspaper. Published by American missionary Dr Dan Beach Bradley, the first edition came out on 4 July 1844. The paper was initially published monthly and later came out biweekly. The Bangkok Recorder stopped going to press in 1867.
Thailand’s first banknote appeared on 7 July 1902. Before that, the Siamese people used bullet money.
Thailand’s first bank, Siam Commercial Bank (SCB), was founded in 1906 in the reign of King Rama V. Today, SCB has more than 1,000 branches. This major commercial bank was also the first to introduce the ATM to the country.
First Department Store
Nightingale Olympic, Thailand’s first department store, has operated at the Pahurat Intersection since its official launch on 5 August 1966.
First Fitness Centre
Nightingale Olympic is also, in every practical way, Thailand’s first fitness centre. In its early years, it allowed customers to use its treadmills and exercise bikes for Bt100 an hour.
The first movie to have been made in Thailand was Miss Suwanna. Produced by Universal Studios, the movie was directed by Henry A Macrae who also wrote the screenplay. Miss Suwanna was released on 22 June 1923.
Opening as a national theatre in 1949, Sala Chalermthai evolved into the country’s first cinema four years later. It had about 1,200 seats.
First TV Station
Thai TV Channel Bang Khun Prom (presently MCOT HD 30) was the first television station in Thailand. Field Marshal Plaek Pibulsonggram presided over the station’s opening on 24 June 1955. The station’s first chief was Chamnong Rangsikul. The station initially aired in black and white and broadcast only entertainment content.
Launched on 9 May 1887, the Oriental Hotel is not only Thailand’s first hotel but also one of the world’s finest. It has hosted many prominent guests, including Nicholas II of Russia in 1891 and royals and heads of state from many nations in 2006. During World War II, the Japanese army used the hotel as one of its bases. The hotel is today known as Mandarin Oriental Bangkok.
In 1911, the first plane in Thailand landed at the Sa Pathum Horse Racing Course, which is now known as the Royal Bangkok Sports Club, for a show. Interested people were charged Bt50 each for a short flight over the Thai capital.
First Train Route
Completed in 1893, the first train route in Thailand stretched for a total of 21.3 kilometers from Bangkok’s Hua Lamphong Station to Samut Prakan’s Pak Nam Station. This route was cancelled in 1960 when the government led by Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat started building roads instead. The roads constructed in place of the original route are Rama IV and Thang Rotfai Sai Kao Pak Nam.
The construction of the country’s first road began in 1862 at the initiative of King Rama IV. By the time it was completed two years later, it was 10-meters wide. It was known as “New Road” before the king officially named it “Charoenkrung”, which means prosperous capital.
Named after one of King Rama V’s sons, the Siriraj Hospital was founded two years after Thailand’s cholera outbreak. King Rama V aimed for this hospital to give the people equal access to medical services.
Chulalongkorn University is Thailand’s first higher-educational institute. Although officially founded by King Rama V, it was King Rama VI who laid down the foundation stone for its construction on 3 January 1915. It was officially upgraded from a civil servant school to the university on 26 March 1916.
First Miss Thailand Contest
In 1934, Miss Siam pageant was held for the first time to celebrate the country’s first constitution that has been promulgated two years earlier. The pageant took place inside the Saranrom Park with contestants wearing traditional costume. In 1939, the pageant was renamed the Miss Thailand contest.
First Miss Universe from Thailand
Apassara Hongsakul is the first Thai to win the Miss Universe pageant. Crowned Miss Universe 1965, she was the second Asian to have been named the most beautiful woman in the world.
Thailand’s first bus operations began in 1910 thanks to the initiative of Lert Settthabutr, who considered horse-riding services a form of animal cruelty. His fleet of buses had a prominent feature – every bus was white all over. People usually called these buses “white buses” or “Nailert buses”. The first bus route, which ran from Pratunam to Si Phraya, was in service for about 70 years. At its peak, Lert’s bus operations covered as many as 36 routes, with 700 buses and hired over 3,500 employees. Its operations ended in 1977 due to the government’s policy to put all bus operations in Bangkok under the Bangkok Mass Transit Authority (BMTA).
First Escalator at First Air-Conditioned Department Store
On 10 December 1964, the first escalator in Thailand began service at the Thai Daimaru Ratchaprasong shopping centre and generated huge excitement. This department store was initially set up to serve Japanese immigrants in Thailand. Thai Daimaru was later relocated to a nearby spot. It closed down on 31 October 2000.
First Olympic Gold Medal for Thailand
Thailand celebrated its first gold medal from the Olympic Games in 1996, when featherweight boxer Somrak Kamsing won his fight. The games were especially important that year because they marked the centenary of the Olympics.
Thailand’s first zoo was set up at the Saranrom Park in the reign of King Rama V. Although the exact year of the establishment is unclear, records show that by 1884, it had crocodiles, turtles, and various birds.