Naga Fireball Festival 2023

The Naga Fireball Festival only occurs once a year and this year’s event will take place from October 26 to November 1, 2023.
North Eastern Thailand
26 October 2023




The Naga Fireball Festival, or Bang Fai Phaya Nak, has to be one of the most intriguing festivals in Thailand. The festival only occurs once a year at the end of Vassa (also known as the Buddhist Rains Retreat or Buddhist Lent). The exact dates of Vassa depend on the lunar calendar and the phases of the moon. 

This year’s Naga Fireball Festival will take place from October 26 to November 1, 2023. The festival is principally held in Nong Khai province in North Eastern Thailand which is situated on the banks of the Mekong River.

An unexplained natural phenomenon

Source: thanongsak kongtong /

The Naga Fireball Festival, which is also referred to as the Mekong Lights, celebrates a natural phenomenon, and the curiosity around Naga Fireballs has grown every year. Now, thousands of people join the festival and gather along a 250-kilometer stretch of the Mekong River to see glowing red fireballs shooting up into the sky. The number of fireballs sighted can range from hundreds to thousands. 

These fireballs or orbs will spring from the Mekong River into the sky before disappearing and it is believed by locals that the fireballs are caused by mythical “Phaya Nak,” a giant serpent or naga that they believe resides within the river, waking up to honor the period of Vassa.

Scientific explanations

There have been several attempts to explain the fireballs, and scientists are undecided on the exact cause. One of the theories is that the orbs are caused by methane, which explodes when it comes into contact with oxygen. Another theory suggests that the fireballs are caused by a flammable phosphine gas generated by the marshy environment of the Mekong River.

Whatever the real cause, the Naga Fireball Festival is definitely worth experiencing. As each fireball appears, the crowd cheer and roar in celebration so it is impossible to resist joining in. Whether you believe in sleeping nagas or science, the occasion is something that cannot be fully explained and is a once-in-a-lifetime experience.

What to expect at the Naga Fireball Festival

Source: birdbyb stockphoto /

Visitors can also expect other activities when visiting the Naga Fireball Festival including cultural performances, boat racing, and music performances. Ahead of the actual event, locals celebrate by setting off fireworks, rockets, fireboats, and balloons up until the naga fireballs emerge from the water.